Table of Contents
|13-8 Stainless Steel Round Bar||AMS 5629, ASTM A-564|
|13-8 Stainless Steel Flat Bar||AMS 5629, ASTM A-564|
|15-5 PH Stainless Steel Round Bar||AMS 5659 TY 1&2, ASTM A-564|
|15-5 Stainless Steel Flat Bar||AMS 5659 ASTM A-564|
|15-5 Stainless Steel Sheet||AMS 5862, BMS7-240, ASTM A-693|
|15-5 Stainless Steel Plate||AMS 5862, BMS7-240, ASTM A-693|
|17-4 PH Stainless Steel Round Bar||AMS 5643, ASTM A-564|
|17-4 PH Stainless Flat Bar||AMS 5643, ASTM A-564|
|17-4 Stainless Steel Sheet||AMS 5604, ASTM A-693|
|17-4 Stainless Steel Plate||AMS 5604, ASTM A-693|
|17-7 Stainless Steel Sheet||AMS 5528, ASTM A-693, S400, S1000, ASTM F-899|
|Stainless Steel Round Bar 303||ASTM A-582|
|Stainless Steel Square Bar 303||ASTM A-582|
|Stainless Steel Flat Bar 303||ASTM A-582|
|Stainless Steel Plate 303||ASTM A-895, ASTM A-480|
|304/304L Welded Round Tube||ASTM A-554|
|304/304L Square Tube||ASTM A-554|
|304/304L Rectangular Tube||ASTM A-554|
|304/304L Welded Pipe||ASTM A-312|
|304/304L Seamless Pipe||ASTM A-312|
|304/304L Square Bar||ASTM A-276, A-479|
|304/304L Tread plate||ASTM A-793 PATTERN B|
|304/304L Hex Bar||ASTM A-276, A-479|
|304/304L Stainless Steel Plate||ASTM A-240, A-480|
|304/304L Stainless Steel Sheet||ASTM A-240, A-480|
|304/304L Stainless Steel Angle||ASTM A-276/479|
|304/304L Rectangular Stainless True Bar||ASTM A-276/479|
|304/304L Rectangular Sheared Stainless Steel Edge Bar||ASTM A-240|
|304/304L Stainless Steel Round Bar||ASTM A-276/479|
|316/316L Stainless Steel Round Bar||ASTM A 276/479|
|316/316L Stainless Steel Hex Bar||ASTM A276/479|
|316/316L Stainless Steel Square Bar||ASTM A276/479|
|316/316L Stainless Steel Angle||ASTM A276/479|
|316/316L Stainless Steel True Bar||ASTM A276/479|
|316/316L Stainless Steel Sheared and Edged||ASTM A 240|
|316/316L Stainless Steel Tread Plate||ASTM A793 PATTERN B|
|316/316L Stainless Steel Plate||ASTM A240/480|
|316/316L Stainless Steel Sheet||ASTM A240/480|
|316/316L Stainless Steel Welded Round Tube||ASTM A554|
|316/316L Stainless Steel Square Tube||ASTM A554|
|316/316L Stainless Steel Rectangle Tube||ASTM A554|
|316/316L Stainless Steel Welded Pipe||ASTM A312|
|316/316L Stainless Steel Seamless Pipe||ASTM A312|
|321 Stainless Steel Plate||AMS 5510|
|416 Stainless Steel Round Bar||AMS 5610|
|420 Stainless Steel Round Bar||AMS 5621|
|440C Stainless Steel Round Bar||AMS 5630|
Stainless Steel, also known as high-alloy steel, is a type of alloy steel that resists rust and other forms of corrosion. High-alloy steels contain a high percentage of alloying elements. As the most common of the high-alloy steels, stainless steel’s alloying element is chromium, which it contains at a quantity of over 10%. Chromium also helps with heat resistance. Stainless steel is used where the properties of steel and resistance to corrosion are both required. It contains sufficient chromium to form a passive film of chromium oxide, also referred to as the latent layer, which prevents further surface corrosion. These factors, combined with its low maintenance, make it an ideal material for many applications. It’s available in coils, sheets, plates, bars, wire, and tubing.
Stainless steel is often used for household appliances in kitchens, laundry rooms, and garages. Some common applications for stainless steel include cookware, cutlery, household hardware, surgical instruments, major appliances, and industrial equipment (for example, in sugar refineries). It’s also regularly found in the automotive and aerospace industries, and in construction materials for large buildings.
13-8 stainless steel alloy (UNS S13800) is a martensitic precipitation-hardening stainless steel that has excellent strength, high hardness, superior toughness, and good corrosion resistance. Compared to other ferrous-base materials alloy 13-8 offers a high level of useful mechanical properties under severe environmental conditions. . Good transverse toughness properties are achieved by tight chemical composition control, low carbon content, and vacuum melting.
15-5 Stainless steel combines high strength, hardness, high corrosion resistance and excellent transverse mechanical properties. 15-5 is the ferrite-free version of 17-4 stainless Steel. 15-5 alloy is widely used in the aerospace, chemical, petrochemical, food processing, paper and general metalworking industries.
17-4 stainless steel is the most widely used of all the precipitation-hardening stainless steels. Its valuable combination of properties gives designers opportunities to add reliability to their products while simplifying fabrication and often reducing costs. 17-4 alloy is widely used in the aerospace, chemical, petrochemical, food processing, paper and general metalworking industries.
17-7 is a precipitation-hardened stainless steel alloy composed of 17% chromium, 7% nickel, and 1% manganese. It is highly corrosion resistant and is often used in applications that require good wear and tear resistance, such as cutlery and surgical instruments. It is also used in the manufacture of non-magnetic stainless steel products. It is magnetic and can be hardened through heat treatment. It is commonly used in the aerospace and medical industries due to its strength and durability.
Alloy 303 is a non-magnetic, austenitic stainless steel that is not hardenable by heat treatment. It is the free machining modification of the basic 18% chromium / 8% nickel stainless steel. Alloy 303 was specially designed to exhibit improved machinability while maintaining good mechanical and corrosion resistant properties due to the presence of sulfur in the steel composition; Alloy 303 is the most readily machineable austenitic stainless steel. It is however, fairly resistant to general atmospheric corrosion, general foodstuffs, sterilizing solutions, dyestuffs, most organic chemicals, plus some inorganic chemicals. Like other austenitic grades, Alloy 303 demonstrates excellent toughness, although the sulfur does reduce this a little as well.
Alloy 303 was developed as a free machining grade, and has by far the best machinability of all the 300 series austenitic stainless steels, and indeed has better machinability than most of the 400 series martensitic stainless steels with the exception of the free machining grades. Alloy 303 is not generally recommended for welding due to its high sulfur content which can cause hot cracking. However, if unavoidable, the following procedures may be taken as a guide. Alloy 303 is nonmagnetic in the annealed condition, but can become mildly magnetic following heavy cold working. Annealing is required to rectify if necessary.
Typical applications of alloy 303 are: Architectural Components, Food Processing Equipment, Dairy Equipment, Dying Industry, Hardware and Kitchenware manufacturing and allied industries. Commonly used to manufacture Bolts and Nuts, Bushes, Gears, Shafts, Valve Bodies and Fittings, Aircraft fittings, Gears, Screws, Electrical switchgear components, Bushings, Automatic screw machines and Conveyor systems.
Alloy 304/304L is the most widely utilized “18-8” chromium-nickel austenitic stainless steel. It is an economical and versatile corrosion resistant alloy suitable for a wide range of general purpose applications. It is common practice for 304L to be dual certified as 304 and 304L. Alloy 304/304L resists atmospheric corrosion, as well as, moderately oxidizing and reducing environments. The alloy has excellent resistance to intergranular corrosion in the as-welded condition. Alloy 304/304L has excellent strength and toughness at cryogenic temperatures. Alloy 304/304L is non-magnetic in the annealed condition. It can be easily welded and processed by standard shop fabrication practices.
Stainless steel Angle Alloy 304/304L has good resistance to atmospheric corrosion, foods and beverages and to many organic and inorganic chemicals in moderately oxidizing to moderately reducing environments. The high chromium content of the alloy provides resistance to oxidizing solutions such as nitric acid up to 55% weight and up to 176°F (80°C).
Alloy 304L Stainless Steel is used in a wide variety of home and commercial applications, including: Food processing equipment, particularly in beer brewing, milk processing, and wine making, Kitchen benches, sinks, troughs, equipment, and appliances, Architectural trim and molding, Automotive and aerospace structural use, Construction material in large buildings, Chemical containers, including for transport, Heat exchangers, Nuts, bolts, screws, and other fasteners in the marine environment, Dyeing industry, Woven or welded screens for mining, quarrying & water filtration.
Stainless Steel 316 is an austenitic chromium-nickel stainless steel containing molybdenum. By that type 316 has increased general corrosion resistance, improved resistance to pitting from chloride ion solutions, and provides increased strength at elevated temperatures.
316 is stronger than 304 at elevated temperatures. Its corrosion resistance is improved, particularly against sulfuric, hydrochloric, acetic, formic and tartaric acids, acid sulfates and alkaline chlorides.
Type 316L is an extra-low carbon version of Type 316 that minimizes harmful carbide precipitation due to welding. Type 316L is used extensively for weldments where its immunity to carbide precipitation due to welding assures optimum corrosion resistance.
Both 316/316L alloys are non-magnetic in the annealed condition, but can become slightly magnetic as a result of cold working or welding. They can be easily welded and processed by standard shop fabrication practices.
321 alloy is a titanium stabilized austenitic chromium-nickel stainless steel. It is resistant to intergranular corrosion. It is the most commonly used stainless steel alloy in the 300 series, and is known for its excellent forming and welding characteristics. 321 alloy is often used in applications that require high temperature resistance, and is often found in chemical process and heat exchanger equipment. It has excellent corrosion resistance in a wide range of temperatures and environments, and is often used as a substitute for other stainless steel alloys due to its superior strength and durability.
416 stainless steel alloy contains iron, 11-13% chromium, manganese and 0.15-0.20% carbon. It is commonly used in applications that require good corrosion resistance, strength, and hardness. 416 is highly resistant to corrosion and readily machinable, making it a popular choice for parts such as valves and pumps. It can also be heat treated to increase its strength and hardness. It is non-magnetic and can be welded using common welding techniques. It is also resistant to stress corrosion cracking and is often used for parts in marine and chemical processing applications.
420 is a martensitic stainless steel alloy that is composed of 12-14% chromium, 0.15-0.25% carbon and 1-2% manganese. It is highly corrosion resistant and is often used in applications that require good wear and tear resistance, such as cutlery and surgical instruments. It is also used in the manufacture of non-magnetic stainless steel products. It is magnetic and can be hardened through heat treatment. It is commonly used in the automotive and food processing industries due to its strength and durability.
440C is a martensitic stainless steel alloy that shares a few similar characteristics with 420 alloy. It iscomposed of 16-18% chromium, 0.75-1.2% carbon, and 1-2% manganese. It is highly corrosion resistant and is often used in applications that require good wear and tear resistance, such as cutlery and surgical instruments. It is also used in the manufacture of non-magnetic stainless steel products. It is magnetic and can be hardened through heat treatment. It is commonly used in the aerospace and medical industries due to its strength and durability.